Sunday, October 4, 2015

Act V Othello Summary Response Outline

Act V Othello Summary Response Outline

  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea
Act V of William Shakespeare’s Othello, depicts the revenge of Othello on Desdemona, and Cassio, and Iago’s drive for self preservation.
  • Supporting ideas and explanations to prove main ideas
After Iago convinced Othello that Desdemona and Cassio were having an affair, Othello vowed revenge on both Desdemona and Cassio. Cassio was to be killed by Roderigo, but when Roderigo failed, Iago maimed Cassio. With the fear of Roderigo telling others of what he did, Iago killed Roderigo in the name of avenging Cassio. When Othello heard the cries of Cassio, he was convinced that Cassio was dead, so he moved on to his revenge on Desdemona. Othello strangled Desdemona in bed, when he was not convinced of her cries of innocence.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Throughout Act V, Iago’s drive for self preservation, as well as Othello’s revenge on Cassio and Desdemona was depicted.

  • Topic sentence: title, author, strong verb,correctly portrays/ incorrectly portrays___________ because ___________ .
Act V of William Shakespeare’s Othello correctly portrays the power of truth, because it can affect one’s actions and views.
  • Claim 1:
Iago manipulates the truth for his own personal gain.
    • Set-up
Iago convinces Roderigo that by killing Cassio Roderigo will be able to sleep with Desdemona, so under Iago’s false promise Roderigo attempts to kill Cassio.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (Shakespeare 1.2.13-17).
While observing the initial attack, Roderigo states aside to himself, “Now, whether he kill Cassio, or Cassio him, or each do kill the other, every way makes my gain”(Shakespeare 5.1. 13-15).  
    • Explanation of quotation to prove claim: explain quote, connect to claim
Iago modified the truth of what Roderigo would gain, in order to get him to fight Cassio, in which the outcome didn’t matter to him. As long as either Cassio or Roderigo died in the fight, Iago would have made a gain. If Iago was to die, no one would know Iago’s true thoughts about Othello. If Cassio were to die, Iago would be able to get his promotion, and earn Othello’s respect. So by manipulating the truth about what Roderigo would gain from killing Cassio, Iago would make a gain personally.

  • Counterclaim 1: However, ....
However, Iago gave his opinion to reveal what he thought was the truth.
    • Set-up
From what Iago knew, Cassio and Desdemona could have been having an affair, so to keep there from being secrets with Othello, he told Othello what he thought.
    • Evidence: Lead-in  “ quotation” (       )

When questioned by Emilia, Iago states, “I told him what I thought, and told no more than what he found himself was apt and true”(Shakespeare 5.2. 212-213).
    • Explanation of quotation to prove counterclaim: explain quote, connect to claim
Iago had only told Othello what he thought about Cassio and Desdemona’s relationship, because he felt it was unfair to keep it from him. What Othello made of the information that Iago gave him was not Iago’s fault. Iago only gave Othello the information that made sense, and was related to what Othello wanted to know about Cassio and Desdemona. Information given to Othello about Cassio and Desdemona was Iago’s personal opinion, and what he viewed as the truth.

  • What are the strengths/ flaws of this argument? (use rebuttal progression language)
A common view is that Iago reveals his opinions in order to help those around him. One can not deny that there are scenes in which it appears as though Iago helps others gain a sense of truth, but it is more complicated than that. When one delves further into the storyline, it would show that Iago is truly manipulating the truth for his own personal gain. In multiple cases, such as convincing Roderigo to kill Cassio, and convincing Othello to kill Desdemona, Iago modified the truth into what he needed to get people to do what he wanted. Throughout Act V, there were numerous times when Iago manipulated the truth for his own personal gain.
  • Concluding sentence: restate main idea
Throughout the entirety of Act 5 of Othello, by William Shakespeare, Shakespeare conveys the power of truth, and the affects that it can have on one through manipulation and the affects it had on the actions of Othello and Roderigo.

1 comment:

  1. Summary: topic sentence: title, author, strong verb, main idea- should be main idea focused not plot focused;

    Response: excellent claim!
    rebuttal: god but keep pushing point;